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Architectural heritage

The site’s architecture is defined by buildings from different architectural epochs. Bockenheimer Warte, a watchtower built in 1435 in the late Gothic style and now part of the city’s cultural heritage, marks the old border between the territories of the former Free City of Frankfurt and the Bockenheim administration.
The streetcar depot north of Bockenheimer Warte was built in 1899. Today the listed brick ensemble is used as theater.
The main university building and the Senckenberg Museum to the south of it were built in the early 20th century. Open arcades connect the museum building with the wings of the Frankfurt Physical Society and the erstwhile Senckenberg Library. One of Germany’s leading museums of natural history, the Senckenberg Museum is a cultural heritage site in the sense of the Hessen Historic Preservation Act.
Likewise erected at the beginning of the 20th century, the ensemble of villas in the south of the development is listed as a cultural heritage site.

With the exception of the students house conceived by architects Apel, Letocha, Roher and Herdt, all buildings erected between 1953 and 1965 were built under the direction of Ferdinand Kramer and are now part of the city’s cultural heritage. They include the Pharmaceutical Institute, the Department of Philosophy building, the hall of residence and the Municipal and University Library. The edifices form part of Ferdinand Kramer’s university campus concept, which is based on an orthogonal grid plan and inspired by the principle of the American campus. However, the concept was only partially realized.

None of the buildings erected after 1965 are listed as cultural heritage.

Photo of the old streetcar depot in Bockenheim, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main