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Master planning

Beginning of the master planning
The master plan for the Europaviertel district forms the main basis for advanced planning such as building and development plans. In 1999 and 2000 the owners and the City of Frankfurt agreed for the first time on a master plan which presented the planned development system and the resultant areas earmarked for construction and greenery. This framework was adopted by a resolution passed in 2000 by the City Council and formed the basis of a corresponding change to the land zoning plan compiled by “Umlandverband Frankfurt”.

1999 master plan, © AS&P Frankfurt am Main

Realization of the master plan by 2003
In 2002 a construction competition was held for the western residential quarter, in which the Stuttgart company h4a emerged the winners. In May 2003 a revised and in its entirety more specific master plan was presented to the public as part of a citizens’ participation process.
An 800-meter long road tunnel for Europaallee, which would be privately financed, was a fundamental feature of the plans. On account of increased safety requirements for this type of structure, and the associated approx. 40 % increase in costs, financing on this scale, and as such the realization of the proposed plans was no longer a viable option.
This resulted in the urban development concept that had hitherto been pursued having to be completely revised. In addition, with Deutsche Bahn AG having decided in the meantime to continue using the switching yard until 2010, there were also changes to the schedule for implementing the plans. These constraints necessitated the step-by-step development of the west of the Europaviertel district.

2003 master plan, © AS&P Frankfurt am Main

Revision of the master plan in 2004
From January until June 2004 the master plan for the west of the Europaviertel district was revised as part of a test planning procedure. To this end the owners asked the companies h4a, Stuttgart and AS&P, Frankfurt/Main, as well as the Frankfurt/Main City Planning Department to produce new ideas for the west of the Europaviertel district, whereby the brief was that these should fulfill the new financial conditions more effectively. h4a, which in 2002 had won the competition for the Europaviertel West residential district, and the City Planning Department had almost exactly the same planning approach. This was fine-tuned in close collaboration with the owners and the city. In September 2004, again with the early participation of the public, the latter was presented with the revised master plan.


The master plan concept
The 60-meter-wide, tree-lined Europaallee, which comes from the east of the Europaviertel district and also structures the western planning area, is the backbone of the plans. To the north and south the boulevard-like road is bordered by a continuous seven-storey perimeter block development. That to the north also serves to mark the built perimeter of the expansion of the trade fair complex, this better integrating the large trade fair halls in the urban space. Design-wise, Europaallee is to be uniform in character from its beginning on Güterplatz to its end at the intersection with Am Römerhof.
In the middle of the western planning area Europaallee disappears into a tunnel for a 400-meter stretch. The “Europa Gardens”, which is about six hectares in size and aligned in an east-west direction, will be laid out above the tunnel; it is due to be opened in June 2011. Two expanses of greenery, each approx. 60 m wide and 170 m long, link the park on the one hand in the south with Gallus, and on the other in the north with Rebstock Park, and fill the gap in the greenery stretching from downtown to the recreational area along the River Nidda. In 2008 a landscaping competition was held for the “Europa Garden”, which was won by the Berlin company relais - Landschaftsarchitekten.
Around the park there are plans for four residential quarters with a total of approx. 2,000 units. This particular form of usage will only be possible through construction of the road tunnel and in the west through commercial premises along the boulevard, as these will shelter the general residential areas from the noise of the traffic on Europaallee.
To the northwest of the “Europa Gardens” there are plans for a new elementary school for the Europaviertel district, which will be easy to reach from the new residential districts. Five locations for new nurseries are envisaged for the four large housing sections. In future, public access will be via a subway with four stops running parallel to Europaallee.

2005 master plan, © AS&P Frankfurt am Main