Some districts or quarters of down have “aged” and are no longer in keeping with current needs or standards. For example, a compelling need for action in a district may stem from the following characteristics:
- A concentration of buildings there exhibiting a severe need for modernization and restoration,
- A longer, enduring period of extensive vacancies,
- An absence of “residential support facilities” such as kindergartens or shops, or where these exist they are of inferior quality,
- Problems in the residential fabric or the public space, such as the inadequate provision of areas for children to play, scant green areas or problematic transport links or traffic problems,
- Social conflicts or flashpoints.
In order to take an integrative approach to addressing the problems in districts that are especially hard hit, urban planning can bring a combination of various support instruments to bear as a comprehensive package of measures. At any rate, the goal is always urban renewal, social stabilization and the strengthening of the local economy in order to emphatically foster the quarter’s identity and how the inhabitants identify with their surroundings.
Based on various methodologies, urban renewal instruments are currently being applied in the following areas.