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Ernst May district

New residential area and greater quality of life for everyone in the “Ernst May district”

Topic:
Preparatory studies
District: Local district:
4, 3, 11
Size of area:
121 Hektar
Project management:

Mr. Peter Habermann
Telefon: +49 (0)69 212 36833
Telefax: +49 (0)69 212 43692

Ms. Sabine Guttmann
Telefon: +49 (0)69 212 34351
Telefax: +49 (0)69 212 43692


Project description

With the new “Ernst May district” the City of Frankfurt/Main is planning to change the boundaries of the existing districts in the northeast of the city and create new high-quality urban residences. New public parklands above the partially covered A 661 interstate will play a role in this. In addition, in a total of eight quarters a wide range of different forms of housing can be built, which will also include urgently needed low-cost residences.

The "Ernst- May- district" are located in the direct vicinity of downtown, such that for the City of Frankfurt/Main the project is associated, as it were as “growth inwards”, with an opportunity to develop housing with a high level of parkland in an area close to downtown. This way, new dwellings can be built and a positive contribution made to relieving the tight housing market.

The partial cover of the A 661 interstate is intended to put the conditions in place for reducing noise emissions. Linking up existing areas of parkland with new ones that will be created on the “roof” are intended to extending the local recreational facilities for current and future new residents in the districts. Together with the planned defragmentation of the green spaces, one of the main objectives of the plans is to improve the climatic conditions and exchange of air in the new quarters and the existing districts.




More informations

Starting Point and objectives

Starting point

Ever since the A 661 interstate was built, the parkland spaces and leisure-time zones between Huthpark, Bornheim Cemetery and Günthersburgpark have been fragmented and exposed to noise. The A 661 interstate cut across and thus blocked the paths that originally led from the districts of Bornheim and Nordend to Seckbach, and residential quarters close to the interstate considerably affected by noise. Given the handicap of this routing, there are scarcely any opportunities for planning the new residential areas Frankfurt/Main so desperately needs here to meet housing requirements. As such, from an urban development perspective this is an unsatisfactory situation.

For this reason, in 2009 and 2010 the Municipal Authorities had a study conducted of how covering the section of the A 661 interstate between the Friedberger Landstrasse junction and the bridge in Seckbach could potentially provide new prospects for the future development of this section of town and its natural surroundings. The result of the study carried out by the firm Albert Speer & Partner (AS&P) confirmed that covering the A 661 can indeed create new, sustainable natural surroundings as well as potential for new residential quarters.

On this basis the City Council, with a cross-party majority, commissioned the Municipal Authorities to conduct preparatory studies for the “Ernst May district”. The results of the study were to be submitted to the City Council as the basis for taking a decision on a possible urban development measure.

Galeriebauwerk, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

Objectives

Following an analysis of the status quo, the main elements for planning the “Ernst May district” can be derived from the following objectives, which are all equal priorities:

  • Ensure noise protection for the existing residential quarters.
  • Create new housing areas in sections not subject to noise from the interstate.
  • Relink the natural surroundings between Huthpark and Günthersburgpark that have been cut off from each other since construction of the A 661.
  • Generate new green spaces for the public to extend existing parks and ease the burden on them at present, as well as to make the parkland areas and leisure-time zones more welcoming.
  • Improve the local micro-climatological situation.

Integrating and designing the cover structure such that it fits in with the natural surroundings can create a green axis that is important for the region and the city as a whole in line with the “Spokes and Rays” urban strategy concept. This way the areas of countryside in the regional park can be linked via the Frankfurt Green Belt with inner-city green zones and a green link forged that stretches as far as downtown.

New paths connecting Bornheim/Nordend, Seckbach and the Festeburg estate will be established and old ones resurrected, thus improving links between the various districts. In addition the adjacent residential areas previously subject to noise pollution from the interstate will be noticeably quieter, while the planned parkland areas will provide attractive leisure time and recreation space.

By changing the boundaries of the districts there will be a clear gain in integrated quiet downtown housing areas that are close to open spaces and in the vicinity of existing infrastructure facilities as well. Moreover the previously isolated Festeburg estate will become a district in its own right with links to the quarters at “Friedberger Warte” that adjoin to the south.

M 82 2016/ M 80 2016/ M 81 2016/ M 83 2016


Milestones and Chronology

Project development progress is illustrated by the following chronology, which contains all the important project steps and milestones.

Blick von Norden, Anschlussstelle Friedberger Landstraße, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

April 2016
Submissions by the Municipal Authorities:  M 82 2016 / M 80 2016 / M 81 2016 / M 83 2016

January 2015 – March 2016
Elaboration of four submissions by the Municipal Authorities:
- Status report on the four preparatory studies
- Legal zoning plan 858, Living to the north of Günthersburgpark (“Friedrich garden center”)
- Legal zoning plan 880, Friedberger Landstrasse/South of Wasserpark (“Innovation quarter”)
- Legal zoning plan 914, Friedberger Landstrasse/East of Bodenweg (“East Atterberry”)

02/2015
Hessen Ministry of Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and Regional Development (HMWVL) resolves to annul the planning approval procedure relating to the “Alleentunnel”
September 2013 until November 2014
In-depth feasibility study by DEGES (Deutsche Einheit Fernstraßenplanungs- und -bau GmbH/German Unity Interstate Planning and Construction Company) of a complete cover of the A661 interstate

June 2014 until December 2014
Further in-depth planning of individual quarters

June 2013 until November 2014
Urban development and landscaping master planning by the firm Pesch & Partner Architekten for the area being investigated with variations of the plans, further elaboration by the Frankfurt/Main City Planning Department

January 2013 until June 2013
strong>In-depth master planning for the urban development and landscaping by the firms Pesch & Partner Architekten and Glück Landschaftsarchitektur

April 2012 until September 2012
Joint limited-number competition for the master planning for the urban development and landscaping with a decision in favor of the firms Pesch & Partner Architekten and Glück Landschaftsarchitektur.

June 2011 until July 2012
Discussion of the involvement of stakeholders: real estate owners, tenants, leaseholders and other affected persons

February 2011
Resolution passed by the City Council to conduct preparatory investigations with regard to a possible urban development measure in accordance with section 165 of the German Building Code (BauGB)


Preparatory Studies

Urban development measure

Untersuchungsgebiet Ernst-May-Viertel, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Kartengrundlage: Luftbild Stadtvermessungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

The City of Frankfurt resorts to urban development measures if general urban development legislation has reached its limits, for example in the case of the development of very large areas that are to be initiated quickly, or when other development measures (e.g., urban development contracts) are not possible. In addition to various tools that can serve process management, any existing obligations as regards land acquisition and/or reprivatization are especially important when conducting an urban development measure. The latter enables restructuring without a formal reallocation process being required. One important feature is that the authorities acquire the land at a nominal value that is independent of any development and that the increase in value as a result of this development is then used to finance the measure. This includes, for example, the costs of access and social infrastructure, relocation costs, noise protection measures (for example covering the A 661 interstate), compensation measures, as well as the cost of the financing, the planning and/or the project management.


Scope of the preparatory studies

In line with section 165 of the German Town and Country Planning Code (BauGB), extensive preparatory studies are necessary prior to a development measure. These serve to establish the assessment criteria for determining a development area. In-depth supplementary studies involving an urban and open space planning concept are intended to quantify the expenses and the benefits of the development measure more precisely.

These include studies on the local ecology, nature and landscape conservation, species protection, climate, transport, transport links and access possibilities, noise levels and the possibilities of reducing them, into the technical feasibility of covering the A 661. They also entail outlining possible variants of the most meaningful tunnel length, engineering, and the integration of the structure in a landscape concept. Particular importance is placed during the preparatory studies on formal discussions and consultations with the stakeholders, namely the real estate owners, tenants, leaseholders and other parties affected, and the public-sector clients. It is also imperative that these parties are willing to become involved.

When laying the foundations for deciding whether or not an urban development measure shall be introduced, the question must be clarified whether to this end there are other planning alternatives which could achieve the relevant objectives and purposes, too.


Work phases during urban development planning

Kartenausschnitt: Städtebauliche und stadträumliche Verflechtung Ernst-May-Viertel, Albert Speer & Partner, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Kartengrundlage: Stadtvermessungsamt Frankfurt

The “Ernst May district” is an urban infill development project. With undertakings of this nature a number of complex issues have to be assessed with regard to planning decisions.

To date the elaborate master plans for the area studied were compiled in three phases. In the process the entire range of basic conditions that influence the plans, such as the urban development and landscape planning concepts, the impact on traffic as well as the environment in general and in particular in terms of nature, parkland, and species protection, not to mention the climate, were professionally assessed.

 

Phase 1: Urban development feasibility study, Albert Speer und Partner (AS&P) (2010)

With a view to reducing the existing noise pollution (see section on Objectives) the initial idea was only to construct noise protection walls; these would, however, have intensified the quarter’s isolation, something already induced by the line of the interstate. As an alternative to the noise protection walls, options for covering the interstate had to be examined. The feasibility study tabled in 2010 by Albert Speer und Partner revealed highly promising opportunities for the future development of the urban space and the surrounding parkland.


Phase 2: Joint design process, Pesch & Partner Architekten, Glück Landschaftsarchitektur (2012-2014)

Kartenausschnitt: Städtebauliche und stadträumliche Verflechtung Ernst-May-Viertel, Pesch Partner Architekten, Glück Landschaftsarchitektur, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Kartengrundlage: Stadtvermessungsamt Frankfurt

In order to go into the findings from the AS&P study in greater depth, in 2012 three planning consultancies were commissioned to advance the previous urban development and landscape planning concept as part of a joint design process (supported by an interdisciplinary planning advisory council). Of the three designs, that by Pesch & Partner Architekten, which was drawn up as part of a consortium with Glück Landschaftsarchitektur (both from Stuttgart) was selected as the preferred solution. This concept then formed the basis of further master planning that had yet to be specified.

The attached PDF file “Joint Planning Process 2012” (excluding image) reveals the urban development and landscape master plans by Pesch und Partner, Glück Landschaftsarchitekten, at the conclusion of the process.


Phase 3: Detailed elaboration of the “Pesch Plan” by the Frankfurt/Main City Planning Department (2012-5)

Kartenausschnitt: Weiterführendes Städtebauliches und landschaftsplanerisches Konzept, Pesch Partner Architekten, Glück Landschaftsarchitektur, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Kartengrundlage: Stadtvermessungsamt Frankfurt

This work phase saw clarification of two traffic planning aspects that were of particular significance for the development of the project: The State of Hessen discontinued the planning approval procedure for construction of the “Alleentunnel” (an underground link between the A 66 interstate at Miquelallee and the A 66/A 661 interstate intersection). This did away with obstacles relating to the planning of residential quarters, which would otherwise have been sited on the route originally foreseen for the tunnel. In a further in-depth feasibility study conducted by DEGES (Deutsche Einheit Fernstraßenplanungs- und -bau GmbH), several variations for covering the A661 interstate were examined in terms of expediency, economic feasibility, and level of noise protection.

The urban development and landscape master planning concept devised in this way specified the following key parameters for the area studied (in this context see the map attached below as a PDF file):

Realigning the existing borders of the housing estates settlements lends a clearer footprint to the urban development of the entire planning area. The striking borders thus envisaged serve to give the existing quarters greater emphasis. As a result, higher-end construction will be possible on plots where, despite their good location in the city, the urban development potential as not to date been exhausted.

In eight new sections in the quarter, it should be possible to build a total of approximately 4,000 apartments that will cater to different residential requirements.


Planning and Realization Steps

On the basis of current knowledge, realization of the individual quarters and the landscape planning projects could be conducted in three stages (see PDF file attached below).

The planning and realization phases, which have been estimated time-wise, are, however, subject to further resolutions by committees of the City of Frankfurt/Main. Furthermore, formal procedures relating to traffic planning, and of course the construction of the cover set fundamental general conditions for the timing.

An initial stage from 2016 until 2023 includes the preparation of building approvals procedures for the first residential quarters. Construction of the following three quarters of around 1,850 residential units could begin as of around 2018-9:

-“Friedberger Landstrasse/South of Wasserpark” (“innovation quarter”), approx. 1,500 residential units
-“Friedberger Landstrasse/East of Bodenweg” (“East Atterberry”), approx. 250 residential units
-“Living to the north of Günthersburgpark” (“Friedrich garden center”), approx. 100 residential units.

As part of the initial stage Günthersburgpark will be extended and a green corridor created between Friedberger Landstrasse and Dortelweiler Strasse. During this first stage the formal planning procedures for the partial cover over the interstate will also be initiated.

A second stage could follow from 2019 until 2027 with the construction of the three quarters:

-“An den Röthen”, approx. 260 residential units
-“Katharinen Campus”, approx. 350 residential units
-“North of Friedrich Ebert School”, approx. 330 residential units.

During this stage the planned extension of Huthpark could take place. Assuming that the cover over the A 661 interstate can be built between 2023 and 2025, the foundations for the later construction of the cover structure proper can already be laid during this stage.

In a third stage, for which the planning and realization phase between 2022 and 2028 could apply, construction of the partial cover structure will take place. This will also put in place the conditions for development of the areas “Realignment of the Boundaries of Festeburg estate. At the same time, the central “Green Center” would also be created.

The number of apartments mentioned was calculated on the basis of current master planning. These considerations will be addressed in greater detail and differentiated as the process continues, such that there can be changes to the number of apartments.


Climate and Fresh Air

Function of the area studied as regards climatic conditions in the city

Ausschnitt aus der Klimafunktionskarte (Ausgabe 1995), mit Überlagerung der Grenze des Untersuchungsgebietes, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Kartengrundlage: Stadtvermessungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

The climatic importance of an area is primarily the product of its location, its topographical circumstances, and its usage structures. These factors determine the importance of an area with regard to both the small-scale, local influx of cold air as well as the general ventilation of the urban fabric and whether it is open to regional wind and air flow mechanisms.

The municipal Climate Plan Atlas (CPA) provides detailed information about the most important micro-climatic topographical conditions in the area in question. It shows the rises and falls in the land, which to a large extent determine air flow the direction, and as such the scope impacted by the cold air that arises there.


In the CPA the dotted lines mark what are known as crest lines, which, similar to a watershed, describe the extent of an area in which cold air is generated. In the section of the map, valleys and other depressions in the land are depicted by lines of two dots and a dash, into which the cold air generated on the slopes then flows and possibly – following the line of the valley – flows away, provided there are few obstacles and there is a sufficient gradient.

On the basis of the location and alignment of the contour lines and depth contours in the area in question it can be deduced that the topography between the main cemetery in the west and Huthpark in the north-east can be divided into three separate zones in which cold air is generated:

  1. The northeastern area in which cold air arises includes Huthpark and extends southwestwards to a contour line which runs from the south as far as the “Unfallklinik” hospital. In line with the direction of the main slope, the cold air that arises within these boundaries flows eastwards or directly into Seckbach.
  2. A second area in which cold air is produced extends to a contour line that runs directly south from the cemetery in Bornheim. The cold air that arises here flows primarily to the depth contour which was made more pronounced by the A 661 interstate being built through it. Cold air flows southeastwards to Seckbacher Ried via this channel. A second depth contour visible on the map, on the other hand, is of no significance for the cold air channel, as it lies at the heart of the district of Bornheim and for this reason does not correspond with surrounding areas of cold air.
  3. In line with the general direction of the slope, the cold air produced in the west flows southwestwards in the direction of the edge of the development along Münzenberger Strasse and Butzbacher Strasse.

In addition to their significance for the local supply of cold air the open parklands in the area in question, with their link to the open countryside in the northeast of Frankfurt, also serve as a channel for regional wind systems such as that from the Wetterau region. For this reason they improve the ability of these wind regimes to flow into the northeast of the city. At the same time they can encourage the local cold air to move, such that the cold air masses are more dynamic than might otherwise be expected given the modest slope and the, for the most part, strong obstacles to air flow in the area in question.


Folgerungen für das Ernst-May-Viertel

The existence of various fragmented cold air regimes means that as a matter of principle the impact caused by the plans can be minimized, as partial interventions in one cold air regime do not also lead to changes in the other cold air areas and the relevant impact zones and city districts. For this reason changes in the area between the cemetery in Bornheim and Huthpark would at most lead to an influence on cold air activity in southwestern parts of Seckbach and the northeastern areas of Bornheim. Usage changes to the west and south of the cemetery in Bornheim, on the other hand, would primarily affect the flow of cold air on the perimeters of the eastern Nordend district.

What is decisive, however, is that in neither case would there be any considerable negative impact on local climatic conditions, as the layout of the expanded districts and the way they have been extended means that the remaining areas of open parkland retain their importance as a flow channel. As such the actual “driving force” behind local air in- and outflow, namely the regional wind regime, will continue to ensure sufficient ventilation and the supply of cold and fresh air.

In addition, the sheer strength of the regional wind flows will ensure that these continue to reach the whole of Frankfurt, thereby benefiting the micro-climate in more central downtown areas not benefiting from the fragmented circulation of cold and hot air in the city’s outlying areas.


Areas of parkland and Open spaces

One of the project’s main planning objectives for the area in question is to boost the quality of open spaces with a view to enhancing their appeal and local recreation facilities, as well as to improving the microclimate.

The planning concept that has been developed can create the conditions for relinking the parklands between the districts of Bornheim, Seckbach, and Nordend, which has been fragmented since the construction of the A661 interstate, and putting in place a continuous, publicly accessible stretch of parkland running from Lohrberg, through Huthpark, as far as Günthersburgpark.

There is currently (as at 2012) an initial master plan devised by Glück Landschaftsarchitektur for the area of parkland that is to be restructured. Further in-depth project work is going ahead in conjunction with the specified plans for covering the A661 interstate.

Huthpark, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

In the opinion of Glück Landschaftsarchitektur, overall the area of parkland could feature different types of open space:

As natural elements of the countryside, the large areas Huthpark, Günthersburgpark, Wasserpark and the cemetery in Bornheim will not be revamped with new facilities, but rather integrated in the open space system and their importance thus emphasized. Furthermore, when the Parks Department depot is no longer in use, Günthersburgpark will be considerably larger.

The “Green Center” on top of the structure covering the A661 interstate is the main new landscape element in the master plan area. It is intended to serve as a multi-use and recreational space, as well as a place for sporting activities.

The open space will be accessed by two different types of paths: A primary network of paths will be created by means of park promenades, while a subordinate system will provide direct routes and make the parks easier to reach and leave by foot or bicycle.

The existing allotments will be supplemented by new communal gardens and will evolve into a diverse system of open spaces. To this end, interventions in existing private allotments will be unavoidable. Weighing up public interest in the development of housing quarters, publicly usable green links, and the construction of the structure covering the A661 interstate, the interests of existing private allotment users must in some cases take a back seat.

The City of Frankfurt/Main is evaluating what compensation to offer existing users for the possible loss of the gardens. Various methodologies have been developed and will be advanced in the course of further studies. The adventure playground will stay at ist current location.


Noise protection

The noise pollution from the A 661 interstate is one of the reasons for the plans being drawn up.

To reduce these noise levels the potential impact of a 10-meter-high noise protection wall was also evaluated. This solution was, however, rejected, as a noise protection wall would additionally increase the district’s isolation by the interstate and be detrimental to the parklands. Moreover in certain weather conditions, for example in the event of atmospheric inversion, the noise protection would be considerably reduced.

By covering the A 661 interstate, on the other hand, the disadvantages of a noise protection wall in terms of urban and open space planning, as well as the disadvantages this protection entails can be avoided.

On the basis of the volume of traffic predicted in 2025, the noise in the area in question that is produced by traffic on the A 661 interstate is as follows:


Without noise protection

Illustration 1 shows noise conditions in the case of undisturbed sound propagation at a height of two meters for the nighttime period (10.00 p.m. to 06.00 a.m.).

In Germany there is a norm, the DIN 18005 – Noise Protection in Urban Planning standard, which stipulates how to assess the impact of traffic noise. The non-mandatory figures listed in Supplement 1 to this norm provide information about the appropriate consideration of noise protection in urban planning. The figures are specifications devised by experts to reflect the noise protection objectives that need to be considered in the planning; for this reason they are not statutory limits. To meet expectations with regard to noise pollution protection appropriate to the character of the development zone affected it is, however, desirable that noise levels at least fall within the bounds of these figures.

A comparison with the figures stated in DIN 18005 – Noise Protection in Urban Planning – illustrates how the eastern perimeter of the New Atterberry residential area is considerably affected by noise from the interstate. The figures are exceeded here by up to 10 dB(A), which is perceived as a doubling of the loudness.
 
On account of the greater distance from the interstate, the noise levels on the southern perimeter of this residential area deviate to a far lesser extent from the DIN figures. They are up to 5 dB(A) above the levels, whereas in the residential area itself noise readings comply with the figures or are lower than the upper thresholds.

Traffic study with development in line with the legal zoning plan and enclosing of the A 661 interstate [7860 KB]

Verkehrsuntersuchung Autobahn 661 ohne weitergehende Schallschutzmaßnahme, © Stadtplanungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main, TÜV Hessen,  Kartengrundlage: Stadtvermessungsamt Stadt Frankfurt am Main

With noise protection

Soon you will find here more information to the subject. Because of the new resulution decision to the covering of the A661 this page is currently in the update process.


Covering the A 661 interstate

Covering the A 661 interstate is an important measure for reducing traffic noise, and at the same time a prerequisite for implementing the urban development and landscape master planning. In the course of the preparatory study DEGES (Deutsche Einheit Fernstraßenplanungs- und -bau GmbH), which was commissioned jointly by the State of Hessen and the City of Frankfurt/Main, examined solutions in several scenarios in terms of expediency, economic feasibility, and the level of noise protection.

Soon you will find here more information to the subject. Because of the new resulution decision to the covering of the A661 this page is currently in the update process.


Revocation of the “Alleen Tunnel” resolution

In 1980, the then Hessen Minister of Economic Affairs and Technology gave planning permission for the construction of the A 66 interstate in the city limits of Frankfurt/Main, the “Alleentunnel”. The plan embraced extensive construction measures from the major junction at “Miquelallee”, the construction of a tunnel from there to the area “Friedberger Landstrasse/Butzbacher Strasse” and subsequent construction in a trough as far as “Dortelweiler Strasse”.

Several appeals against this resolution were submitted and the planning procedures for rectifying possible shortcomings in the resolution were suspended. An additional planning approval procedure was never conducted, as the view of the project on the part of both the State of Hessen and the City of Frankfurt/Main had changed.

Consequently, in 2013 the State of Hessen waived re-registering the “A 66 Alleen Tunnel” project for the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan. Moreover, in early 2014 HessenMobil, as the highest road construction authority, applied to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) for the project to be removed from the “Demand Plan for Federal Trunk Roads 2004”. This application was granted, such that in May 2014 HessenMobil applied to the planning authority for the planning approval resolution to be annulled. Effective February 2, 2015 the Hessen Ministry of Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and State Development ultimately annulled the planning approval resolution for the “Alleen Tunnel”.

This resolution is pivotal for realizing the project, in particular for the area “Friedberger Landstrasse/South of Wasserpark (“Innovation quarter”). Along the approved route the “Alleen Tunnel” would have prevented any housing development opportunities and cut through the areas of parkland and recreational zones close to the district.

At the same time it should also be noted that since 1980 all facilities (such as the adventure playground) on the route of the “Alleen Tunnel” have had to be provisional in nature, as the areas along the route had to be kept free for the construction of the tunnel.



Legal zone planning

Alongside technical aspects, preparatory studies must determine whether the legal conditions for conducting a development measure in accordance with section 165 paragraph 3 of the German Building Code (BauGB) are in place.

In this context the City assesses whether the measure does indeed need to be conducted in order to ensure the community’s well-being as regards the provision of housing and work, along with the subsequent need for basic public amenities. Here, the willingness of those affected by the measure to play an active role in the process is important role. It must also be verified whether, provided the measure is conducted swiftly, development of an area is in fact possible and the financing of the measure is secured. Depending on the outcome, other planning tools must also be used.

With regard to the zones:

  • Housing to the north of Günthersburgpark – (“Friedrich garden center”), Development plan number 858
  • Friedberger Landstrasse/South of Wasserpark – (“Innovation quarter”),  Development plan number 880
  • Friedberger Landstrasse/East of Bodenweg – (“East Atterberry”),  Development plan number 914

the above-mentioned criteria for applying a development measure are not met. For these areas development can therefore be conducted on the basis of contractual agreements with the real-estate owners or their authorized representatives. Where necessary, the approach must also involve setting up a corresponding project company in line with the objectives of the urban development and landscaping master planning.

The legal basis for building permission as needed for the above-mentioned zones will be established through legal zoning planning and sectoral legislative procedures.

Legal zoning plan draft no. 858 – Housing to the north of Günthersburgpark 
The legal zoning plan procedure no. 858 – Housing to the north of Günthersburgpark – which was begun in 2008, will be continued. The legal zoning plan is intended to create the conditions necessary for developing an attractive residential location here once the land is no longer used as a garden center. Along Dortelweiler Strasse the development will take its lead from the existing buildings and there will be public access to Günthersburgpark from the site.


Fragen und Antworten

  • Daten und Fakten

  • Wo liegt das Planungsgebiet?

    Das Gebiet liegt im Nordosten Frankfurts. Es erstreckt sich auf Flächen der Stadtteile Bornheim, Nordend und Seckbach.

  • Warum der Name "Ernst-May-Viertel"?

    Bereits in dem von Stadtbaurat Ernst May im Jahr 1925 veröffentlichten Wohnungsbauentwicklungsprogramm der Stadt Frankfurt am Main waren Areale zwischen Bornheim und Seckbach als zukünftige Baugebiete ausgewiesen, dem heutigen „Ernst-May-Viertel“. Ziel der Siedlungsentwicklung unter Ernst May war es, einerseits für eine stark wachsende Bevölkerungszahl Wohnbauquartiere in hoher Zahl und Qualität zu schaffen ohne andererseits deren Anbindung an Grün- und Freiräume zu vernachlässigen. Diese Ziele liegen auch dem heutigen „Ernst-May-Viertel“ zu Grunde.

  • Wie groß ist die Fläche des Untersuchungsraumes?

    Der Raum der vorbereitenden Untersuchung beträgt rund 100 Hektar.

  • Stadtentwicklung

  • Welche Chancen sind mit der Gebietsentwicklung verbunden?

    Im neuen „Ernst-May-Viertel“ ist es Absicht der Stadt Frankfurt am Main, in Ergänzung der bestehenden Quartiere ein Stadtviertel entstehen zu lassen, das innovative Planungsansätze mit urbanen Lebensqualitäten verbinden wird. In Nachbarschaft zur Frankfurter Innenstadt ist ein breites Spektrum unterschiedlicher Wohnformen geplant, das auch Angebote für preisgünstigen Wohnraum umfassen wird.
    Mit dem Vorhaben ist für die Stadt Frankfurt am Main die große Chance verbunden, gleichsam als „Wachstum nach Innen“ Flächen in einer zentrumsnahen Lage im Stadtgebiet einer Wohnnutzung zuzuführen, um so dringend benötigten Wohnraum zu schaffen.
    Mit der Einhausung der Autobahn 661 kann darüber hinaus die Voraussetzung geschaffen werden, bestehende und auf dem „Deckel“ neu entstehende Grünflächen so zu gestalten, dass die Naherholungsangebote für die angestammten Bewohner der Stadtteile, aber auch für die „Neubewohner“ erweitert werden.

  • Wohnen

  • In welchem Preissegment werden die Wohnungen errichtet?

    Wohnungspolitisches Ziel der Stadt Frankfurt ist es, bezahlbaren Wohnraum und ein breites Angebot zu schaffen. 30 Prozent der Wohnungsbauflächen werden für den geförderten Wohnungsbau reserviert. Gemeinschaftliche Wohnprojekte sollen ebenfalls berücksichtigt werden. Es sollen Wohnungsangebote für alle Einkommensschichten realisiert werden.

  • Welche Wohnformen sollen gebaut werden?

    In den neuen Quartieren ist ein breites Spektrum von Wohn- und Eigentumsformen geplant, dabei sollen innovative Ansätze im Wohnungsbau umgesetzt werden. Sowohl geförderter wie auch freifinanzierter Wohnungsbau ist vorgesehen sowie Anteile von gemeinschaftlichem und genossenschaftlichem Wohnen.

  • Werden im „Ernst-May-Viertel" nur Wohnungen gebaut?

    Das „Ernst-May-Viertel" wird als Ganzes geplant. Es handelt sich um ein umfassendes und komplexes Projekt, welches in Teilprojekten realisiert werden muss und selbstverständlich neben den neuen Wohnquartieren auch die neuen öffentlichen Grünflächen, Schulen und Kitas umfasst. Die Teil-Einhausung der A 661 ist dabei integraler Bestandteil des Planungskonzeptes.

  • Umwelt und Klima

  • Wird durch das „Ernst-May-Viertel" die Frischluftzufuhr eingeschränkt und das Stadtklima verschlechtert?

    Ein zentrales Anliegen der Planung für das „Ernst-May-Viertel“ ist es, stadtklimatisch günstige Bedingungen sowohl in den neuen Quartieren als auch in den bestehenden Stadtteilen zu bewahren. Die klimatischen Zusammenhänge im Untersuchungsgebiet wurden daher bereits in der ersten Phase des Projektes berücksichtigt und bei der Identifikation der zukünftigen Wohnbauflächen zugrunde gelegt. Detailliertere Klimauntersuchungen erfolgen nun in den weiteren Arbeitsschritten im Rahmen der Bauleitplanungen. Die stadtklimatischen Belange  genießen dabei eine hohe Priorität. Sie werden zudem im Einklang mit den Zielen der Frankfurter Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel stehen.

  • Mit welchen Maßnahmen kann die Frisch- und Kaltluftzufuhr aufrechterhalten und verbessert werden?

    Die Autobahn 661 ist heute ein Hemmnis für örtliche Kaltluftströmungen, da der Autobahnbau die vormals bereits vorhandene Tiefenlinie zusätzlich verstärkt hat, so dass sie für von Nordosten kommende Kaltluftmassen unüberwindbar geworden ist. Mit der geplanten Einhausung der Autobahn 661 kann daher diese Zäsur geschlossen und wieder für die gering mächtigen Kaltluftmassen passierbar werden. Diese verbessert auch die lufthygienische Qualität der Kaltluft, da sie deutlich weniger mit den Abgasen der Autos angereichert wird, sodass die Frischluftzufuhr in die Bestandsgebiete und in die geplanten neuen Quartiere verbessert wird.

  • Droht nach dem Bau der neuen Quartiere eine Überwärmung des Nordends und Bornheims?

    Für den Temperaturhaushalt des Nordends und Bornheims sind überörtliche, regionale Luftströmungen wie der Wetterauwind verantwortlich, nicht aber die kleinräumiigen Kaltluftentstehungsgebiete am nordöstlichen Frankfurter Stadtrand. Das Planungskonzept sieht vor, diesen Luftströmungen weiterhin den gewünschten Zugang zum Innenstadtgebiet zu geben, so dass eine Überwärmung des Nordends und Bornheims durch die Planungen zum Ernst-May-Viertel ausgeschlossen werden kann.

  • Was geschieht mit den heute bestehenden Parks?

    Es ist Teil des Planungskonzeptes zum „Ernst-May-Viertel“, den Günthersburgpark und den Huthpark zu erweitern und an die übergeordnete Grünvernetzung zum Lohrberg und an den Regionalpark anzubinden.

  • Freizeitgärten

  • Welche privaten Gärten sind betroffen, wie lange kann ich meinen Garten behalten?

    Bei der generellen planerischen Abwägung zur Entwicklung des „Ernst-May-Viertels“ ist es unvermeidlich, dass private Dauerklein- und Freizeitgärten zugunsten des Wohnungsbaus und zugunsten von großzügigen, öffentlich nutzbaren Grünverbindungen herangezogen werden müssen. Das Gemeinwohlinteresse steht hier vor dem Privatinteresse zum Erhalt der Gärten. Gleichwohl ist es Absicht der Stadt, dass der Eingriff in die Gärten nur in einem vertretbaren Maß erfolgen soll und das Angebot an Kleingärten in der Summe möglichst zu erhalten. In welchem Umfang und zu welchem Zeitpunkt in die bestehenden gärtnerisch genutzten Flächen tatsächlich eingegriffen werden wird, ist heute noch nicht verlässlich zu bestimmen. Dies ist abhängig vom Fortgang der Planung.

  • Wird es Kompensationsangebote für den Verlust von Freizeitgärten geben?

    Ein System zur möglichen Umstrukturierung, Verlagerung und/oder Kompensation der Freizeitgärten soll erarbeitet werden. Dies bedeutet, dass für die entfallenden Freizeitgärten nach Möglichkeit eine Ersatzfläche angeboten werden soll. Jedoch werden sich nicht für alle Gärten eine neue Fläche in räumlicher Nähe finden lassen. Dauerkleingärten genießen gesetzlichen Schutz und sind ggfs. vollumfänglich auszugleichen. Über Details und Umfang von Kompensationsangeboten wird zur gegebenen Zeit informiert.

  • Soziales

  • Welche Perspektive hat der Abenteuerspielplatz?

    Der Abenteuerspielplatz bleibt an seinem jetzigen Standort erhalten. Es ist Absicht, den Spielplatz in das Gesamtkonzept der geplanten nördlich anschließenden Bebauung zu integrieren.

  • Informations- und Beteiligungsangebot

  • Werden die Bürgerinnen und Bürger angemessen informiert?

    Immer wenn es einen neuen Sach- und Informationsstand gibt, wird über diesen berichtet und diskutiert. Nach den Maßgaben der politischen Gremien wurde der Magistrat mit einer regelmäßigen Berichtspflicht zu den einschlägigen Themen beauftragt. Bereits bei den ersten Überlegungen zu den Potentialen einer städtebaulichen Vernetzung gab es ein kooperatives Verfahren mit öffentlicher Beteiligung und einem Beirat aus Vertretern von Bürgerinitiativen, Ortsbeiträten, der Politik und Fachleuten zur Bewertung der vorgelegten Arbeiten. Der Beschluss, Vorbereitende Untersuchungen einzuleiten, wurde in der Presse, in den Ortsbeiräten und in der Stadtverordnetenversammlung diskutiert. 

    Die Beteiligung der breiten Öffentlichkeit ist auch im weiteren Planungsprozess sichergestellt. Dabei werden Beteiligungsformen gewählt, die weit über die gesetzlich vorgeschriebenen Standards zu Form und Umfang hinausgehen. So hat der Magistrat in den Jahren 2016 und 2017 in mehreren öffentlichen Foren (z.B. Sitzungen der betroffenen Ortsbeiräte) umfassend über die allgemeinen Aspekte des Planungsfortschrittes zum „Ernst-May-Viertel“ berichtet und dabei wichtige Anregungen aus der Bürgerschaft gewonnen. Darüber hinaus wird im Zuge der planungsrechtlichen Umsetzung auf Ebene der Bebauungsplanverfahren die Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung z.B. durch Bürgerdialogveranstaltungen fortgeführt.

  • Bei weiteren Fragen freuen uns wir Ihnen weiterzuhelfen. Kontaktieren Sie einfach die untenstehenden Ansprechpartner.

Mr. Peter Habermann

Telephone: +49 (0)69 212 36833
Fax: +49 (0)69 212 43692

Ms. Sabine Guttmann

Telephone: +49 (0)69 212 34351
Fax: +49 (0)69 212 43692


Downloads/links at a glance

Downloads at a glance


Links to the City Parliament’s information system (PARLIS)

Preparatory studies for an urban development measure between Huthpark, the main cemetery and Günthersburgpark pursuant to section 165 (4) of the German Building Code (BauGB) here: Report on the status of the preparatory studies

Submission by the Municipal Authorities on April 22, 2016, M 82 2016 


Legal zoning plan no. 858 – Housing to the north of Günthersburgpark (“Friedrich garden center”)

Submission by the Municipal Authorities on April 22, 2016, M 80 2016 


Legal zoning plan on. 914 – Friedberger Landstrasse/East of Bodenweg (“East Atterberry”)

Submission by the Municipal Authorities on April 22, 2016, M 81 2016 


Legal zoning plan no. 880 – Friedberger Landstrasse/South of Wasserpark (“Innovation quarter”)

Submission by the Municipal Authorities on April 22, 2016, M 83 2016



Expert reports

Data protection notice: Reproductions and further distribution actions must be coordinated with the respective authors of the expert opinions.

Compilation of the studies, plans, studies and expert opinions commissioned in connection with the preparatory studies for the "Ernst May district".
  

Urban development planning


Traffic / Noise


Ecology