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Building method and land that can be built on

The stipulations with regard to building method, building limits, building lines and the depth of developments determine the location of building projects on the plot of land and the area of land that can be built on.


Building method

Excerpt from development plan no. 841 "Bockenheimer Landstraße / Liebigstraße", © Stadtplanungsamt Frankfurt am Main

As a rule, areas of land that can be built on are determined by specifying building lines and building limits.

A building line determines that the development must begin or end precisely on this. In plans the building line is indicated by a symbol in the form of a red dash-dot-dot line.

A building limit stipulates that the buildings may not extend beyond this limit. In plans the building limit is indicated by a symbol in the form of a blue dash-dash-dot line.

The minimal protrusion of parts of buildings can be permitted.


Area of land that can be built on

Example of an open building method, detached house in Kalbach–Nord on "Im Hain" © Stadtvermessungsamt Frankfurt am Main
Example of a closed building method, terraced houses on the Riedberg, "Italienisches Viertel", © Werbeagentur Denkhaus

The Land Use Ordinance differentiates between open and closed coverage building methods.
In the case of an open coverage building method the edifices are built as detached houses, semi-detached houses, or groups of houses with a side gap in between. With the open coverage building method the length of the buildings may not exceed 50 m.
In the case of a closed coverage building method the edifices are built without a side gap unless the existing development call for deviation from this.

A building method that deviates from those mentioned can be stipulated in the legal zoning plan. How the buildings are to be aligned in relation to the boundary of the plot of land must be clearly recognizable.